According to the National Headache Foundation in Chicago, there are more women than men who suffer from migraine and around thirty million Americans suffer from migraine. Although this form of headache differs from individual to individual, it is said to last from 4 to 72 hours and that is quite a wide range. When it comes to its frequency, many experience it several times in a month while for some it happens for a lesser number of times. When it comes to the symptoms then some go through nausea, vomiting, throbbing pain in the head, become sensitive to sound and light, it can even lead to blurring of one’s vision. For some it gets worse, as they experience aura or flash of light before migraine starts. Aura can lead to zig zag lines, vison loss, flashes of light, speech problems and even feeling of needles and pin on arms and legs.
According to Michael A. Moskowitz, MD, Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, women are at a higher risk of having migraine and it is attributed to their hormonal changes. Several clinical tests have established the incidence of migraine to be lower in menopausal women. There are certain factors that increase the chances of having a migraine:
First is the hormonal changes that can occur during menstruation, menopause or during pregnancy that results in migraine.
Women have higher chances than men in having migraine.
When it comes to age factor then 15-55 is the age when it is most likely to happen. There are cases where people have experienced migraine in their forties.
If one has a family member who is suffering from migraine then chances are that you will suffer from migraine as well.
A few medical conditions like epilepsy, depression, high blood pressure, stroke and anxiety can result in migraine. It is very difficult to find the reason behind why migraines occur but it has been known to be a vascular disease.
Abnormal changes to the brain causes the blood vessels present in the brain to swell and they press the nerves and that triggers a headache. There are several reasons why migraines might be set off and few of them are – sensitivity to light or to sound, hormonal changes, dehydration, low blood pressure, foods containing tyramine or aspartame, stress, alcohol, weather changes or changes in sleep patterns.
According to Moskowitz, there are no known treatments for patients suffering from chronic migraine but a recently found medication called onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) has been found to be an effective remedy. It provides a lot of relief to those suffering from chronic migraine.
If one changes one lifestyle as well as keep a track of the factors that trigger off such headaches then it can make a lot of difference to the patient suffering from migraine.
Some migraine patients have found relief through taking certain homeopathic medicines as well as certain types of vitamins have been found to provide relief. But before one begins taking these, one should consult the doctor first.