Tyramine is an ingredient that migraine patients should stay away from. Tyrosine is an amino acid which breaks down to produce the compound Tyramine. This compound is found in fruits and vegetables. It is also found in aged or cured foods. How Tyramine works inside a human body is that catecholamine also known as the fight hormone is sent by the adrenal glands into the blood with epinephrine, dopamine and norepinephrine. This increases the heart rate and the blood pressure as well as increases the energy levels. But when this ingredient is consumed in large quantities then it causes an increase in blood pressure which leads to a lot of serious medical conditions. Tyramine can alter or react with other medicines that one might be taking. There are certain medicines and anti-depressants which can build up Tyramine inside a body. If the Tyramine intake is high then it can lead to higher chances of having a stroke or even death. At high levels one can have vomiting, nausea, headaches and even heart palpitations. If you are taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors or if you are Tyramine sensitive then it is best that you consult a doctor. Doctors recommend a Tyramine free diet or low on Tyramine diet for people who are suffering from migraine. Following is a list of foods that range from high to low levels of Tyramine content.
The high level Tyramine content foods are the ones that have been aged, cured or fermented. Salamis, dry sausages, smoked fish, cheese spreads; tap beers, aged meats and cheeses. Also included in the list are foods like pineapple, sourdough breads, soy products, homemade or fresh yeast, miso soup, bouillon, and chocolates.
The moderate level Tyramine content foods are cheese like Brie cheese, Parmesan, American, Havarti and farmer’s. Other foods included are raspberries, avocado, wine and anchovies. One can take beer provided one restricts one’s intake to two bottles or a can or two.
The low level Tyramine content foods are all the canned, frozen and fresh products like peanut butter, soft drinks, raisins, coffee, mustard and ketchup, fruits and vegetables, rice, cream cheese and butter, noodles, potatoes and Worcestershire sauce.
Tyramine gets created when the foods are either cured or broken down and therefore one should be careful in storing and preserving foods. One should keep the following things in mind when it comes to consumption of foods and drinks.
When canned or frozen foods are opened then they should be consumed immediately.
Cooking does not lower the Tyramine content.
Eat the fresh produce within two days of purchase.
Always buy fresh fish, poultry and meats and either consume them that very day or keep them frozen.
Do not thaw food at room temperature; thaw it either in the microwave or in the refrigerator.
All food and drinks label should be carefully read.
Be careful when you are eating out as one does not know about the storage of such foods.
One should avoid having pickled foods or aged food or foods that have been fermented.